Science and Tech


Sugary Drinks May Cause Early Puberty In Girls, Study Says

Harvard researchers found that girls who consumed more than 1.5 sugary drinks a day had their first period earlier than those who drank less.
Posted at 5:59 PM, Jan 28, 2015

Girls who consume a lot of sugary drinks may reach puberty earlier than those who don't.

Harvard researchers studied nearly 5,600 girls and found those who drank more than 1.5 sugary drinks a day had their first period almost three months earlier than those who drank less. (Video Via CNN)

Researchers found that girls who drank the most sugary drinks started their periods, on average, at 12.8 years old, and those who drank the least sugary drinks started a bit later, on average, at age 13. 

While this doesn't sound like much of a difference, experts warn starting puberty earlier, even by just a few months, can be dangerous. 

The study's first author told HealthDay, "Starting periods early is a risk factor for depression during adolescence and breast cancer during adulthood."

The research classified sodas, sweetened fruit drinks and sweetened teas as sugary drinks. Diet sodas and unsweetened juices didn't have the same effect. 

Here's what experts think is going on: The researchers say high-glycemic foods, like sugary drinks, can cause rapid spikes in insulin in the bloodstream, which can lead to higher concentrations of sex hormones. Changing the concentration of sex hormones has been linked to earlier periods. 

Soft drink industry groups quickly tried to cast doubt on the study, arguing that, although girls are reaching puberty earlier, there's not yet enough evidence to point a finger at their products.

But NBC's medical correspondent Natalie Azar points out there are already plenty of other reasons to limit kids' sugary drink intake:

"This is more evidence that you are to limit the sugary drinks in children. We know that it's bad for dentition. We know that it can cause obesity. Now, we have some evidence that it could be changing your body metabolically that could have some long-term consequences."